Civilization

History

Thessalonica is the second largest city of Greece, capital of the homonymous prefecture and of Central Greece Periphery. In its long historic journey, it was found under the possession of several nations and was a place of cultural appointment of different origins.
Its foundation meets with the beginning of the Hellenistic years, meaning the take over of the wide empire of Alexander the Great by his descendants and the dominance of the Greek civilization on the largest part of the known west world of the time. Heir to Macedonia throne and husband of Alexander’s half sister, Cassandros, founded the city. In the 2nd century B.C. it came under Roman rule, likewise the rest Greece and Asia Minor and was initially one of the four commanding bases of Macedonia counties, while it became the capital of the whole Roman theme of Macedonia later. In the beginning of its transition from Roman Empire to the Roman Empire of the East with the transfer of the capital city to the East by Constantine the Great, it would be one of the candidate cities suggested to replace Rome. Although Byzantium was preferred as the new capital, Thessalonica had the political and cultural role of the city reigning together with the capital. The Ottoman elation in the Aemos Peninsula set Thessalonica too under the Kingdom of Osman in 1432 staying for about five centuries. Especially from the mid 19th century, it was the most cosmopolitan city of the Ottoman Empire and the most important pole of political mobility and motions. Its incorporation in the central core of the National Greek State in 1912 with the following movement of the Muslim population and the accordant arrival a decade later of Christian refugee populations from Asia Minor, contributed to the change of the population mosaic of the city turning it into a big city where the Greek element prevailed and with all the oddities of Greek urbanism. The architectural and infrastructure reform was accelerated by the Big Fire of 1917 and the efforts of the new Greek administration for “Hellenizing” the architectural posture with the destruction of Muslim monuments. The last incidents relevant to the population change of the city were the elimination of the prosperous Jew community by Nazi troops during the time of the triple possession and the emigrating wave towards city centers which started in the ‘50s.

 

 

Museums

 

A.Archeological museum of Thessalonica
Tel: 2310 830538

 

 

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B.    Ataturk Museum
Tel: 2310 248452

 

 

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C.   Byzantine Museum of Thessalonica
Tel: 2313 306400

 

 

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D.   Folklore and Nationalistic Museum of Macedonia-Thrace
Tel: 2310 889840

 

 

E.    Macedonia Museum of Modern Art
Tel: 2310 240002

 

 

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F.    Thessalonica Olympic Museum
Tel: 2310 968531

 

 

G.   War Museum of Thessalonica
Tel: 2310 249803

 

Archeological sites

 

A.   Ancient Forum of Thessalonica

 

 

B.    Archeological site of Lachanas Municipality

 

Recommended hotels

Communicate Moel Travel and Conferences: 2106203614

 

Traditional dishes

In the city of Thessalonica, the visitor can enjoy local food such as pies, kebab and many other snacks in numerous taverns. Local sweets such as bougatsa and Panorama triangles are another choice.

 

Suggestions

While in the city one should take a stroll on foot or on bike in the seaside path walking past the White Tower (Lefkos Pyrgos), in the alleys of the old city while there are many choices for Thessalonica by night.
In a distance of 70-100km outside Thessalonica, Halkidiki prefecture stands which combines both mountains and sea. Halkidiki consists of many seaside villages. Agion Oros is also there.

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 1.Thermaikos Gulf
 2. Castle
 3. Halkidiki
 4. Agion Oros

 

Conference Centers

Tel: Moel Travel and Conferences 2106203614